THE TRUTH ABOUT VACCINES

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Transient ischemic attack (TIA) and Homoeopathy

  • TIA is like a stroke, but it only lasts up to 24 hours. The supply of oxygen enriched blood is temporarily cut off to a part of the brain and restored after a while.


Synonyms

  • TIA, mini stroke.


Definition

  • Transient ischemic attack is a sudden focal loss of neurologic function with complete recovery usually within 24 hours, caused by a short-term period of insufficient perfusion in a portion of the territory of the carotid or vertebral basilar arteries.


Signs and Symptoms

  • Transient ischemic attacks classically last for only a few minutes and most of the symptoms are vanished after an hour. It is possible to have a number of TIAs, each one having similar or varying symptoms.
  • Sudden paralysis, lack of sensation in the limbs or face, generally on one side of the body.
  • Sudden loss of sight in one or both eyes.
  • Difficulties in understanding speech and/or difficulty in speaking.
  • Trouble in swallowing.
  • Incoordination and imbalance.
  • Dizziness.
  • Drooping of face to one side.
  • Drooping of an eye or the mouth.
  • Slurring of speech.
  • In some cases the person cannot keep their arms up in the air.
  • If there is long-term damage to the brain or the symptoms last for more than 24 hours, it is called as a stroke.


Causes

  • Blood clot as a result of a blood condition (e.g. sickle cell anaemia) or a heart condition (e.g. atrial fibrillation) etc.
  • Embolism
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Rarely transient ischemic attack has been caused by hemorrhage.

Image | Journal of Nuclear Medicine Reduced Blood Flow and Preserved Vasoreactivity Characterize Oxygen Hypometabolism Due to Incomplete Infarction in Occlusive Carotid Artery Diseases

Risk Factors

  • Family History of TIA.
  • Males are more prone to.
  • Aging.
  • Ethnicity - Certain races (African, South Asian and Caribbean) are more prone to diabetes and high blood pressure - both risk factors for mini stroke.
  • Overweight.
  • Physical inactiveness.
  • Poor diet with high fat, salt content and low in nutrients.
  • Drinking heavily.
  • Smoking.
  • Taking coccain.
  • Hypertension.
  • CVD (cardiovascular disease).
  • Diabetes.
  • Peripheral artery disease.
  • Carotid artery disease.

Diagnosis

  • Neurologicalm examination.
  • Blood tests - blood sugar levels, cholesterol levels and clotting ability.
  • Chest X-ray
  • CT scan
  • CTA (Computerized Tomography Angiography) scan
  • Echocardiogram
  • ECG (Electrocardiogram)
  • MRI
  • Ultrasound scan

Treatment

  • It depends on patient's age, medical history and the characteristics of some of the signs and symptoms.
  • Surgery - carotid endarterectomy.
  • Angioplasty

Regimen

  • Healthy body weight
  • Healthy balanced diet, including plenty of fruit and vegetables, and avoid too much fat and cholesterol
  • Don't smoke
  • Avoid heavy drinking
  • Control your diabetes
  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid illegal drugs such as cocaine


Homoeopathic treatment

  • Top remedies for TIA in decreasing order
  • caust.> rhus-t.> phos.> plb.> nux-v.> ars.> cocc.> bell.> nat-m.> gels.> con.> lach.> sil.> op.> sulph.> acon.> sec.> dulc.> hyos.> chin.> zinc.> lyc.> bar-c.> alum.> verat.> graph.> carb-v.> arn.> kali-c.> stram.> calc.> stann.> merc.> agar.> chel.> cham.> staph.> mez.> arg-n.> puls.> sep.> ruta> ign.> aur.> cur.> olnd.> colch.> dig.> ferr.> nit-ac.> apiscina> laur.> ant-t.> kali-p.> phys.

Bibliography

  • Encyclopedia Homoeopathica
  • A TIA is the most common presentation of symptomatic carotid stenosis. By definition, a TIA lasts... Hurst's The Heart > Chapter 108. The Nonsurgical Approach to Carotid Disease > Carotid Atherosclerotic Disease > Clinical Presentation
  • Figure 370-1. Medical management of stroke and TIA. Rounded boxes are diagnoses; rectangles... Harrison's Online > Chapter 370. Cerebrovascular Diseases > Cerebrovascular Diseases: Introduction > Approach to the Patient: Cerebrovascular Disease
  • Table 234-1 Antithrombotic Therapy Guidelines Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine > Chapter 234. Anticoagulants, Antiplatelet Agents, and Fibrinolytics > Anticoagulants > Warfarin > Clinical Pharmacology
  • Key Syndrome Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) DeGowin's Diagnostic Examination > Chapter 14. The Neurologic Examination > Neurologic Syndromes > Cerebrovascular Syndromes
  • A TIA is the most common presentation of symptomatic carotid stenosis. By definition, a TIA lasts... Hurst's The Heart > Chapter 108. The Nonsurgical Approach to Carotid Disease > Carotid Atherosclerotic Disease > Clinical Presentation
  • Case 19: Carotid Artery Disease Case Files > Toy Case Files
  • Case 54: Stroke Case Files > Toy Case Files
  • Cerebrovascular Disease, Occlusive Quick Medical Diagnosis & Treatment > C
  • Chapter 161. Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, and Cervical Artery Dissection Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine
  • Chapter 210. Transient Ischemic Attack and Stroke Principles and Practice of Hospital Medicine
  • Chapter 370 Cerebrovascular Diseases Harrison's Lecture Notes
  • Clinical Findings Hurst's The Heart > Chapter 107. Cerebrovascular Disease and Neurologic Manifestations of Heart Disease > Coexistent Vascular Diseases Affecting Both Heart and Brain > Atherosclerosis
  • Clinical Manifestations of Cerebral Ischemia Schwartz's Principles of Surgery > Chapter 23. Arterial Disease > Carotid Artery Disease
  • Clinical Picture of Atherothrombotic Stroke Adams and Victor's Neurology > Chapter 34. Cerebrovascular Diseases > The Major Pathologic Types of Cerebrovascular Diseases > Atherothrombotic Infarction
  • Duration of Deficits Clinical Neurology, 8e > Chapter 13. Stroke > Approach to Diagnosis
  • Epidemiology and Etiology of Carotid Occlusive Disease Schwartz's Principles of Surgery > Chapter 23. Arterial Disease > Carotid Artery Disease
  • Figure 370-1. Medical management of stroke and TIA. Rounded boxes are diagnoses; rectangles... Harrison's Online > Chapter 370. Cerebrovascular Diseases > Cerebrovascular Diseases: Introduction > Approach to the Patient: Cerebrovascular Disease
  • Occlusive Cerebrovascular Disease CURRENT Medical Dx & Tx > Chapter 12. Blood Vessel & Lymphatic Disorders > Atherosclerotic Peripheral Vascular Disease
  • Radar 10
  • Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attacks with Migraine Adams and Victor's Neurology > Chapter 10. Headache and Other Craniofacial Pains > Principal Varieties of Headache > Migraine > Migraine Variants
  • Stroke as a Complication of Hematologic Disease Adams and Victor's Neurology > Chapter 34. Cerebrovascular Diseases > Stroke Due to Hypercoagulable States
  • Table 1–14. Potential Cardiac Sources of Emboli Causing Neurovascular Events Multimodal Cardiovascular Imaging: Principles and Clinical Applications > Chapter 1. Echocardiography > Clinical Case Studies > Case 5: Cerebrovascular Accident/Syncope > Overview
  • Table 1–14. Potential Cardiac Sources of Emboli Causing Neurovascular Events Multimodal Cardiovascular Imaging: Principles and Clinical Applications > Chapter 1. Echocardiography > Clinical Case Studies > Case 5: Cerebrovascular Accident/Syncope > Overview
  • Table 234-1 Antithrombotic Therapy Guidelines Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine > Chapter 234. Anticoagulants, Antiplatelet Agents, and Fibrinolytics > Anticoagulants > Warfarin > Clinical Pharmacology
  • The Comatose Stroke Patient Adams and Victor's Neurology > Chapter 34. Cerebrovascular Diseases > Common Clinical Problems in Cerebrovascular Disease
  • The diagnosis of a vascular lesion rests essentially on recognition of the stroke syndrome;... Adams and Victor's Neurology > Chapter 34. Cerebrovascular Diseases > Differentiation of Vascular Disease from Other Neurologic Illnesses Transient ischemic attacks and strokes in the vertebrobasilar system (see also Chapter 13) are... Clinical Neurology, 8e > Chapter 8. Disorders of Equilibrium > Cerebellar & Central Vestibular Disorders > Acute Disorders > Vertebrobasilar Ischemia & Infarction
  • The diagnosis of a vascular lesion rests essentially on recognition of the stroke syndrome;... Adams and Victor's Neurology > Chapter 34. Cerebrovascular Diseases > Differentiation of Vascular Disease from Other Neurologic Illnesses
  • The Patient with a History of an Ischemic Attack or Small Stroke in the Past Adams and Victor's Neurology > Chapter 34. Cerebrovascular Diseases > Common Clinical Problems in Cerebrovascular Disease
  • The Patient with a Recent Stroke that May Not Be Complete Adams and Victor's Neurology > Chapter 34. Cerebrovascular Diseases > Common Clinical Problems in Cerebrovascular Disease
  • Transient Central Nervous System Deficits CURRENT Diagnosis & Treatment: Cardiology > Chapter 1. Approach to Cardiac Disease Diagnosis > General Considerations > Common Symptoms
  • Transient Cerebral Ischemia Clinical Neuroanatomy > Chapter 12. Vascular Supply of the Brain > Cerebrovascular Disorders
  • Transient Ischemic Attack Clinical Neurology, 8e > Chapter 13. Stroke > Focal Cerebral Ischemia > Treatment
  • Transient ischemic attack Diagnosaurus
  • Transient Ischemic Attack Quick Medical Diagnosis & Treatment > T
  • Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA) CURRENT Diagnosis & Treatment Emergency Medicine, 7e > Chapter 37. Neurologic Emergencies > Emergency Management of Specific Central Neurologic Disorders
  • Transient Ischemic Attacks Adams and Victor's Neurology > Chapter 34. Cerebrovascular Diseases > The Major Pathologic Types of Cerebrovascular Diseases
  • Transient ischemic attacks and strokes in the vertebrobasilar system (see also Chapter 13) are... Clinical Neurology, 8e > Chapter 8. Disorders of Equilibrium > Cerebellar & Central Vestibular Disorders > Acute Disorders > Vertebrobasilar Ischemia & Infarction
  • Transient Ischemic Attacks CURRENT Medical Dx & Tx > Chapter 24. Nervous System Disorders
  • Transient Ischemic Attacks Harrison's Online > Chapter 28. Disorders of the Eye > Disorders > Transient or Sudden Visual Loss
  • Treatment of Atherothrombotic Infarction and Transient Ischemic Attacks Adams and Victor's Neurology > Chapter 34. Cerebrovascular Diseases > The Major Pathologic Types of Cerebrovascular Diseases
  • Treatment: Primary and Secondary Prevention of Stroke and TIA Harrison's Online > Chapter 370. Cerebrovascular Diseases > Ischemic Stroke
  • Typical Distribution The Color Atlas of Family Medicine > Chapter 219. Cerebral Vascular Accident > Diagnosis

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