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Somnambulism and Homoeopathy

©   Dr. Rajneesh Kumar Sharma M.D. (Homoeopathy)

  Dr. Swati Vishnoi B.H.M.S.

  Dr. Preetika Lakhera B.H.M.S.

For well formatted and illustrated article, please see attached file-

Somnambulism and Homoeopathy.pdf

Contents

Introduction. 2

Sleep. 2

Sleep-wake cycle. 2

Stages of Sleep. 2

Non rapid eye movements. 2

Rapid eye movements. 2

Physiological changes during sleep. 2

In General 2

In NREM Sleep. 3

In REM Sleep. 3

OVERVIEW... 3

Definition. 4

Incidence. 4

Pathophysiology. 4

Causes. 6

Sign and symptoms. 6

Diagnosis. 7

Treatment. 8

Homoeopathic treatment. 8

Bibliography. 9

Introduction

Sleep

Sleep may be defined as a periodic state of rest accompanied by varying degrees of unconsciousness and relative inactivity (Psora/ Syphilis).

Sleep-wake cycle

The sleep-wake cycle varies in relation to the age and gender of the individual. Women past age 35 tend to sleep more than men. On an average-

  • Newborn-           20 hr each day
  • Child-                    10 hr each day
  • Adult-                    7 hr each day 
  • Elderly-                 6.5 hr each day 

There is great individual variation in the amount and depth of sleep.

Stages of Sleep

Sleep has been found to have two states-

Non rapid eye movements

This is also called NREM or synchronized sleep and involves four stages.

Stage 1-    Eye movements are slow; EEG shows low brain wave activity.

Stage 2-    EEG activity is increased, with the appearance of spikes called K complexes

Stage 3-    Eye movement ceases; wave frequency is reduced and amplitude increased.

Stage 4-    EEG shows more delta activity.

Rapid eye movements

This also called REM or dreaming sleep.

NREM and REM sleep alternate during the night; each cycle requires 90 to 100 min. NREM sleep composes approx. 75% of the sleep cycle and REM sleep approx. 25%, with variations among individuals.

Persons deprived of sleep for several days or more become irritable, fatigued, unable to concentrate, and usually disoriented (Psora/ Causa occasionalis). Performance of mental and physical tasks deteriorates. Some individuals experience paranoid thoughts and auditory, visual, and tactile illusions or hallucinations (Psora).

Deprivation of REM sleep may cause anxiety, overeating, and hypersexuality (Psora/ Pseudopsora/ Sycosis). The effects of sleep deprivation are reversed when the normal sleep-wake cycle is resumed.

Physiological changes during sleep

In General

  • Body temperature falls (Psora/ Syphilis)
  • Secretion of urine decreases (Psora/ Syphilis)
  • Increased secretion of growth hormone during the first 2 hr of sleep (Psora/ Sycosis)
  • Surges of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol secretion occur in the last half of the sleep period (Psora/ Sycosis)
  • Luteinizing hormone secretion is increased during sleep in pubescent boys and girls (Psora/ Sycosis)
  • Prolactin secretion is increased in men and women, esp. immediately after the onset of sleep (Psora/ Sycosis)
  • Hand waving, arm swinging, laughing, and flatus occur during normal sleep (Psora)
  • Heart rate and respiration become slower and more regular (Psora/ Syphilis)
  • Heart rate and respiration become more rapid and less regular (Psora/ Sycosis)
  • Blood flow to the brain is increased (Psora/ Sycosis)
  • Breathing is more irregular (Psora/ Pseudopsora)
  • Heart rate and blood pressure vary (Psora)
  • Cerebral blood flow and metabolic rate increase (Psora/ Sycosis)
  • Penile erections may occur (Psora)

In NREM Sleep

In REM Sleep

Snoring (Psora/ Sycosis/ Pseudopsora) may be clinically insignificant but, when accompanied by apnea, can be harmful. The consequences of loss of sleep may include- fatigue, loss of concentration, or difficulties in coping or job performance Psora/ Causa occasionalis).

Most people feel and perform best with 6 to 8 hours of sleep each night.

OVERVIEW

  • Sleep almost definitely aids a vital function at the cellular level and is an absolute necessity for every animal
  • Chronically poor or insufficient sleep has increased mortality, arterial disease, diabetes and possibly cancer
  • Sleep is highly coordinated into distinct cycles of non-rapid eye movement (non-REM) and rapid eye movement (REM) stages
  • Vivid dreams most often occur from the REM sleep stage
  • Increasing age dramatically alters sleep quality and consolidation
  • Due to insufficient deep non-REM sleep during a night, subjects generally awakes unrefreshed
  • REM sleep is a very active brain state which has been proposed to facilitate memory consolidation and emotional processing
  • At least 90% of the adult population needs 7–8 hours of good sleep per night
  • Around 5% of the population can be considered excessively sleepy during the day
  • During nocturnal sleep, a variety of bodily movements is experienced normally

Definition

Somnambulism or sleepwalking is a self-limited arousal disorder (Psora) of parasomnia, which is generally benign (Psora), caused by temporary and reversible state of altered consciousness (Psora) and perceptual disengagement during sleep, in which motor acts, like rising from bed, walking or other complex motor behavior are performed with amnesia for the event (Psora).

Somnambulism includes ambulation or other complicated behaviors while still asleep, with amnesia for the event (Psora).

Incidence

Somnambulism affects 15-30% of children and 1% of adults.

Boys are more affected.

Adult onset somnambulism is sometimes associated with drug abuse.

Sleepwalking is familial (Syphilis).

Pathophysiology

The disorders that intrude into the sleep process and create disruptive sleep-related events are called parasomnias. There are six common parasomnias that afflict sleepers-

  1. Sleepwalking (Psora)
  2. REM sleep behavior disorder (Psora)
  3. Nightmares (Psora)
  4. Night terrors (Psora)
  5. Nocturnal sleep-related eating disorder (Psora)
  6. Teeth grinding (Psora/ Syphilis)

Parasomnias include complex motor behavior disorders and arousal disorders.

  • In complex motor behaviors, the person is awake enough to act out complex behaviors but still asleep and not aware or able to remember these actions (Psora).
  • Arousal disorders are parasomnia disorders presumed to be due to an abnormal arousal mechanism. These arousals occur when a person is in a mixed state of being both asleep and awake, generally coming from the deepest stage of non-dreaming sleep, stages 3 and 4 (Psora).

One of the most common types of arousal disorders is somnambulism.

It has been noted that the incidence of sleepwalking decreases with age. Adult somnambulists are more prone to have serious problems with it (Psora/ Syphilis).

During somnambulism, brain activity shifts from smooth waves to a high-voltage burst of delta waves, which can be seen during deep sleep. The EEG shows a turmoil of activity in the area of the cingulate cortex, a part of the brain that controls regulation of emotions and certain motor functions. While there was activity in this area, there was no activity in the prefrontal cortex, which governs higher mental functioning (Psora).

These all phenomena reveal that sleepwalker are confused and upset and react by walking without consciously knowing that they are doing it (Psora).

Causes

The exact cause of somnambulism is unknown, but there are some theories-

1-      The part of the brain that controls muscle function is aroused during sleep the sleepwalker begins to move even though he or she is still asleep (Psora).

2-      In children, it may be related to fatigue, prior sleep loss, or anxiety or due to undergoing physical and chemical changes due to growth (Psora).

3-      In adults, sleep walking is usually associated with a mental disorder but may also be seen with idiosyncrasies to drugs, medications and alcohol, and medical conditions such as partial complex seizures and dementia (Psora/ Syphilis/ Causa occasionalis).

4-      In 10-20% of cases there is a familial history of sleep walking, so there is a possibility that it may be genetically inheritable (Psora/ Syphilis).

5-      In elderly, it is often a symptom of dementia or complex motor seizure disorders (Psora/ Syphilis).

Sign and symptoms

Somnambulism is a parasomnia, a behavior during sleep that makes the sleeper appearing awaken (Psora). The somnambulist arises during stage 4 sleep, within one to two hours of falling asleep, during non-REM sleep and walks, hesitatingly, with a mystified facial expression and reduced alertness (Psora). On calling, he or she may look at caller, but does not converse or respond to the requests.

During the episode, the somnambulist may simply sit up and appear awake while actually asleep or may get up and walk around. If the walker is tried to be awaken forcefully, by shaking or speaking loud, the patient will become delirious (Psora). After a few minutes to half an hour, the patient lies down in route, or back in bed, resuming regular sleep, and does not recall the walk in morning after waking.

The somnambulist is at risk for injury; for example, he or she could walk into traffic, may jump through a window or commit some abnormal or inappropriate act, even suicide or murder. They may even do complex activities such as moving furniture, going to the bathroom, dressing and undressing, and several other activities. Some people even drive a car while actually asleep.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is typically made by discussion with attendants, observers and clinical physical examination.

Radiological and biochemical studies may be needed to exclude any underlying organic disorder.

EEG may be indicated to reveal any abnormal brain activity as in seizure disorders.

Treatment

Often treatment is not needed if disorder is mild. Often the patient can voyage over objects, walk out of the house, fall out of windows, or injure themselves with sharp objects like knives. Measures should be taken to avoid him/ her from injury by keeping the floor clear of harmful objects and removing any dangerous materials and sharp objects from the room.

If sleepwalking is frequent or persistent, examination to rule out other disorders such as partial complex seizures may be appropriate. It may also be correct to undergo a psychological evaluation to determine causes such as excessive anxiety or stress, or clinical assessment to rule out other causes. Biofeedback and hypnosis have also been used effectively with individual sleepwalking patients. In very severe cases, tethering to the bed may be indicated.

Homoeopathic treatment

SOMNAMBULISM- ACON. aeth. agar. allox. alum-sil. alum. alumin-p. alumin-sil. am-br. ANAC. ant-c. arg-met. arg-n. arg-p. ART-V. aur-br. aur-m-n. bar-br. bell. brom. BRY. calc-br. calc. camph. Cann-i. carc. caste. cath-a. cham. chap. chel. chlol. cic. cocc. croc. crot-h. cupr-p. cur. cycl. des-ac. DICT. dros. gaert. guare. hell. hipp. hyos. hyper. ign. Kali-br. kali-c. kali-p. kali-s. kalm. Kola lach. lap-a. LUNA lyc. lys. lyss. m-ambo. m-arct. mag-br. mag-m. meph. mosch. nat-br. NAT-M. nit-ac. NUX-M. OP. paeon. petr. PHOS. plat. plb-p. podo. psor. rheum rumx. sep. Sil. sol-t. spig. SPONG. stann. STRAM. SULPH. Tarent. tein. teucr. titan-s. titan. tub. verat. zinc-i. zinc-m. zinc-n. zinc-p. ZINC.

 

Constitutions - WEAK, constitutions - somnambulism, after cocc. luna sulph.

DREAMS – SOMNAMBULISTIC sil.

Dreams - SOMNAMBULISTIC, dreams op. sil.

GENERALITIES - PAIN - somnambulism, after sulph.

GENERALITIES - PAIN - sore, bruised - somnambulism, after sulph.

GENERALITIES - WEAKNESS, enervation, exhaustion, prostration, infirmity-somnambulism, after sulph.

GENERALS - PAIN - somnambulism, after – sore sulph.

GENERALS - PAIN - somnambulism, after sulph.

GENERALS - WEAKNESS - somnambulism, after sulph.

GENERALS - WEAKNESS, enervation - somnambulism, after sulph.

MIND - CROWING like a cock before spells of somnambulism lys.

MIND - DREAMS – somnambulistic sil.

MIND - GESTURES, makes - angry - somnambulism; in meph.

MIND - GESTURES, makes - angry, somnambulism meph.

MIND - SOMNAMBULISM - children; in kali-br.

MIND - SOMNAMBULISM - climbing the roofs, railings of bridge or balcony lyc. phos. psor. sulph.

MIND - SOMNAMBULISM - disappearance of old eruptions, after Zinc.

MIND - SOMNAMBULISM - emotions; after suppressed Zinc.

MIND - SOMNAMBULISM - eruptions; after disappearance of old Zinc.

MIND - SOMNAMBULISM - fasting, from lap-a.

MIND - SOMNAMBULISM - fright, after, in plethoric subjects acon.

MIND - SOMNAMBULISM - honor; from wounded ign.

MIND - SOMNAMBULISM - mental exertion; doing phos. sep.

MIND - SOMNAMBULISM - moon - full moon Sil.

MIND - SOMNAMBULISM - moon - new moon Sil.

MIND - SOMNAMBULISM - strike sleepers from vengeance; to NAT-M. nit-ac.

MIND - SOMNAMBULISM - suppressed emotions,after Zinc.

MIND - SOMNAMBULISM - work of the day, to do bry. nat-m. phos. sep. sil. sulph.

MIND - SOMNAMBULISM - work; to make daily art-v. bry. kali-p. mag-m. nat-m. sil. sulph.

Bibliography

Sleepwalking (Somnambulism)"  Sleep Disorders > Sleepwalking (Somnambulism) Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine

 Encyclopedia Homoeopathica

 Radar 10

 


The Toxic Relationship Cure

 Clearing traumatic damage from a boss, parent, lover or friend with natural, drug-free remedies

Using engaging client stories, The Toxic Relationship Cure reveals how little known natural medicines can relieve mental, emotional and physical damage from toxic and unhealthy relationships.

The Toxic Relationship Cure is meant for victims of these toxic relationships as well as mental health professionals.  Often frustrated by these clients’ stubbornly self-destructive behaviours, mental health clinicians will find new hope in these pages.

The toxic relationships include Boss, Parent, Lover, Friend, and the Spiritual Beyond (dysfunctional relationship with God, spirit or a deceased individual). Vivid stories based on actual cured cases render memorable portraits of each natural medicine type. The description of each medicine even includes physical symptoms it is likely to cure.

These natural medicines are widely used in Europe and have many advantages over conventional psychopharmacology medications:

They are non-addictive and non-toxic.

  • They have side benefits instead of side effects: clients report improvement in apparently unrelated physical ailments as well as in overall energy and quality of sleep.
  • Their use is supported by research including a study by the Swiss government concluding that these medicines are as effective as conventional medicines yet less expensive.
  • The average cost is less than a penny per day.
  • Instead of “you’ll be on this drug for the rest of your life,” their effect tends to be curative within months.

 The Toxic Relationship Cure is engaging to read and empowering to implement, with guidance for both clients and professionals. 




Seminar of March 23-25, 2012 in Bad Krozingen
, Germany with Heiner Frei, Massimo Mangialavori, Judyth Reichenberg-Ullman, Mahesh Gandhi, Jonathan Hardy und Divya Chhabra

Dr. Mahesh Gandhi, probably India’s most famous homeopathic psychiatrist, talks about the wide area of schizophrenia, which is often accompanied by depression and sleep disorders.

The English doctor and homeopath Dr. Jonathan Hardytalks about remedies in the carbon series (2nd row), which have proven their worth particularly in the treatment of psychological disorders such as depression, addiction and impaired self-esteem.

A rare but impressive appearance by Dr. Divya Chhabra, the wife of Rajan Sankaran, has also been recorded. She presents outstanding cases of depression, panic attacks and ADHD.

Dr. Judyth Reichenberg-Ullman, an experienced homeopath from Edmonds, USA, presents cases of autism and Asperger syndrome.

The Italian doctor and homeopath Dr. Massimo Mangialavori talks about anxiety and insecurity. The aluminium and barium salts are important remedy groups for treating these conditions.

Dr. Heiner Frei, pediatrician from Berne, inspires enthusiasm with his polarity analysis according to Bönninghausen and shows how it can achieve astonishing results when treating ADD and ADHD.

6 presentations on DVD consisting of:

Mahesh Gandhi, Homeopathy for schizophrenia — 2 DVDs

Jonathan Hardy, The second row of the periodic table – remedies for depression, anxiety and burnout — 2 DVDs

Massimo Mangialavori, The Concept of Insecurity in Homeopathy — 2 DVDs

Divya Chhabra, The leap to the Similimum — 2 DVDs

Heiner Frei, Polarity Analysis in Treating Children with ADD/ADHD — 2 DVDs

Judyth Reichenberg-Ullman, Homeopathy for autistic spectrum disorders — 2 DVDs

 

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Comment by Dr Rajneesh Kumar Sharma MD(Hom) on April 9, 2016 at 2:53am

Thanks Vik to explain this term DRUG wonderfully.

Salutes.

Comment by Viktor Kalocsai on April 9, 2016 at 2:30am

It must be noted that the word 'drug' refers to - in most cases - semi-artificial, artificial and natural secondary products, substances that are made especially for consumption for animals and humans, and for usage in the eco-/agronomy, and this way it is built in the daily Life of Planet Earth. Thanks to Homeopathy and other side-effectless natural and organic regeneration methods and its experts that the solution for overdosages of the "influences" is at hand.

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