Creating Waves of Awareness
Obesity and Homoeopathy
© Dr. Rajneesh Kumar Sharma MD (Homoeopathy)
Dr. Swati Vishnoi BHMS
Dr. Preetika Lakhera BHMS
For well formatted and illustrated article, please see attached file-
Endogenous causes. 3
Exogenous causes. 4
Changes in sleep. 4
Family lifestyle. 4
Frequency of eating. 4
Ob Gene. 4
db Gene. 4
Fat Gene. 4
tub Gene. 4
Agouti Gene. 4
Physical inactivity. 5
Psychological factors. 5
Quitting smoking. 5
Social issues. 5
Systemic illness. 5
Unhealthy diet 5
Android Obesity or Central Obesity. 5
Gynecoid Obesity. 5
Young healthy females. 6
Heavy-drinking males. 6
Unhappy and anxious middle-aged. 6
Affluent and healthy elderly. 6
Physically sick but happy elderly. 6
Poorest health. 6
Waist to hip ratio. 6
Apple shape obesity. 6
Pear shape obesity. 7
Case history. 8
BMI Calculation. 8
Waist circumference measurement 8
Blood tests. 8
Body fat measurement 8
Underwater weighing or hydrostatic weighing. 8
BOD POD.. 8
Skin calipers. 9
Bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) 9
Diet, regimen and exercise. 9
Homoeopathic treatment 10
General remedies for obesity. 10
Short repertory of Homoeopathy. 10
The state of being grossly fat or overweight is termed obesity, a chronic, complex, multifactorial, serious socioeconomic, clinical disorder involving an excessive amount of body fat accumulation in adipose tissue to the extent that may impair health. A BMI of 30 or higher is considered to be obese while below 29.9 up to 25 is called as overweight (Psora/ Sycosis).
Obesity as a disorder of the homeostatic control of energy balance. Adipose tissue secretes leptin in states of food deprivation, SNS stimulation, exercise and cold exposure (Psora). Leptin secretion from adipose tissue is inhibited by obesity states, glucocorticoids, glucose and insulin (Psora). Leptin reaches hypothalamus, where in turn it inhibits secretion of Neuropeptide Y (NPY) that normally reduces energy expenditure, enhances appetite and stimulates synthesis and storage of fat (Psora). Adiponectin normally sensitizes tissues for insulin effects. Obesity and insulin resistance negatively regulate adiponectin secretion from adipose tissue, whereas weight reduction enhances its secretion.
The balance between calorie intake and energy spending governs a person's weight. The more the calories intake than the person metabolizes, weight gain is there as the body stores the excess energy as fat (Sycosis). In contrast, if calories are deficient than metabolism, weight loss is there. Therefore, the most common causes of obesity are overeating and physical inactivity.
The causes for obesity may be endogenous or exogenous-
Risk factors for obesity include-
With ageing, hormonal changes and a less active lifestyle increase risk of obesity. The muscle mass in body decreases with age and leads to decreased metabolism, thus reducing calorie needs.
Insufficient or too much sleep can cause changes in hormones that increase appetite.
Obesity tends to run in families. Family members tend to share similar eating and activity habits.
Small frequent meals produce stable insulin levels, whereas large meals cause large spikes of insulin after meals and disturb metabolism.
Some antidepressants, anticonvulsants, diabetes medications, oral contraceptives, and most corticosteroids cause weight gain. Some antihypertensives and antihistamines may also be involved.
Overeating leads to weight gain, especially if the diet is high in calories.
Sedentary people consume fewer calories leading to obesity.
During pregnancy, a woman's weight necessarily increases.
Some people may eat unduly in reply to emotions such as tedium, sadness, stress or anger and become obese.
Quitting smoking is often related to weight gain.
Poverty to purchase healthy foods or lack of safe places to walk or exercise may multifold the risk of obesity.
Hypothyroidism, insulin resistance, polycystic ovary syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, and Cushing's syndrome cause obesity. Arthritis may cause obesity due to inactivity of the person.
A high calorie diet, lacking in fruits and vegetables, full of fast food, and overloaded with high-calorie beverages and oversized portions contributes to weight gain.
Obesity can be grouped in several types based on the theme used. Grossly, it may be of two types-
Types of obesity according to common health and lifestyle characteristics may be grouped into six categories-
Women who were obese, but generally had fewer obesity-related complications, such as type 2 diabetes.
As above, but with higher alcohol intake.
Predominantly women with poor mental health and wellbeing.
Generally positive health, but defining characteristics of higher alcohol intake and high blood pressure.
Older people with more chronic diseases such as osteoarthritis, but good mental health.
People who were the most economically deprived and had the greatest number of chronic diseases.
Another way to define obesity is the shape of body figured by location of fat. Concern is directed not only at how much fat a person has but also where that fat is located on the body. The pattern of body fat distribution tends to differ in men and women. The shape can be confirmed by following method-
To find out a person's waist-to-hip ratio, following calculation is made-
For example, a woman with a 35-inch waist and 46-inch hips would have a waist-to-hip ratio of 0.76 (35 divided by 46 = 0.76). Women with waist-to-hip ratios of more than 0.8 and men with waist-to-hip ratios of more than 1.0 are apples.
Men usually collect fat around the belly, giving them more of an apple shape.
Apple-shaped people whose fat is concentrated mostly in the abdomen are more likely to develop many of the health problems associated with obesity. They are at increased health risk because of their fat distribution. While obesity of any kind is a health risk, it is better to be a pear than an apple.
Commonly, the women collect fat in their hips and buttocks, giving their figures a pear shape.
Obesity may be of following degrees according to body mass index (BMI)- where m and h are the subject's weight and height respectively. BMI is expressed in kilograms per square meter, resulting when weight is measured in kilograms and height in meters. Below is the table identifying the risk of associated disease according to BMI and waist size.
Disease Risk Relative to Normal Weight and Waist Circumference
Men 102cm (40 in) or less
Men > 102cm (40 in)
18.5 - 24.9
25.0 - 29.9
30.0 - 34.9
35.0 - 39.9
Since obesity is a complex, multifactorial, socioeconomic and chronic disorder, it affects the individual in numerous ways and may cause a number of complications. Most common ones are given below-
In spite of above, the obesity causes to diminish overall quality of life by being unable to do things such as participating in enjoyable activities, appearing in public places, being victim of discrimination etc.
This is done by-
Body mass index (BMI) to determine the level of obesity is needed at least once a year.
Fat stored around waist, called visceral fat or abdominal fat, may further increase risk of diabetes and heart diseases.
Women with a waist circumference of more than 35 inches and men with a waist measurement of more than 40 inches may have more health risks than those with smaller waist measurements.
These depend on health, risk factors and present symptoms and may include-
This method weighs a person underwater and then calculates lean body mass and body fat. This method is one of the most accurate ones.
Gold standard body composition assessment systems based on air displacement plethysmography (ADP) technology uses a computerized, egg-shaped chamber for fat analysis. Using the same whole-body measurement principle as hydrostatic weighing, the BOD POD measures a subject's mass and volume, from which their whole body density is determined.
Using this data, body fat and lean muscle mass can then be calculated.
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry is used to measure bone density. It uses X-rays to determine not only the percentage of body fat but also where and how much fat is located in the body.
In this method, the skinfold thickness of the layer of fat just under the skin in several parts of the body with calipers is measured. Percentage of body fat is then calculated with results.
There are two methods of the BIA. One involves standing on a special scale with footpads. A harmless amount of electrical current is sent through the body, and then percentage of body fat is calculated.
The other type of BIA involves electrodes that are typically placed on a wrist and an ankle and on the back of the right hand and on the top of the foot. The change in voltage between the electrodes is measured. The person's body fat percentage is then calculated from the results of the BIA.
Low calorie and healthy balance diet is necessary to control obesity and its complication. The following chart gives an idea for such a diet-
Bariatric surgery for severely obese.
acon. adam. adon. agar. ail. alco. all-s. Am-br. Am-c. am-caust. am-f. Am-m. ambr. ANAC. Ang. Ant-c. ant-t. apis aq-mar. aran-ix. Arg-n. arist-cl. arn. Ars. Asaf. aur-m. aur-s. AUR. bac. Bad. bar-br. bar-c. bar-i. bar-met. Bell. berb. bism-sn. blatta-o. borx. Brom. bry. bufo calad. calc-act. Calc-ar. calc-caust. calc-lac. calc-m. calc-met. calc-o. Calc-p. calc-s. CALC. Calo. camph. canth. CAPS. carb-v. Carc. Carl. caust. cer-ox. cham. chin. chlorpr. chr-m. chr-met. chr-s. cic. cimic. cina cinnb. clem. Coc-c. coca cocc. Coloc. con. cortiso. Croc. crot-h. Cupr. cygn-be. cyna. dig. dulc. Elaps euph. euphr. falco-pe. ferr-i. Ferr-n. FERR. fl-ac. Fuc. galeoc-c-h. gamb. gink-b. glycyr-g. GRAPH. guaj. hafn-met. hell. Hura hydroq. Hyos. hypoth. ign. influ. iod. Ip. irid-met. Kali-bi. kali-br. KALI-C. kali-met. kola lac-c. Lac-d. lac-h. lach. lanth-met. lap-a. laur. lith-c. lith-f. lith-i. lith-met. lith-p. lith-s. lob-e. lob. Lyc. lycpr. mag-c. Mag-n. mag-p. mang-act. Mang-n. med. merc-d. merc-i-f. merc. moly-met. mur-ac. nat-ar. nat-c. NAT-M. nicc-met. nicc-s. Nitro. nux-m. nux-v. olnd. op. osm-met. ozone pert-vc. Phos. PHYT. pip-n. pitu-a. pitu-gl. plat. plb-m. plb-p. plb. positr. puls. rauw. rhen-met. rheum rhus-t. rumx. ruta sabad. sabal sacch. sars. sec. sel. seneg. sep. sil. spig. spong. staph. stram. stront-c. stroph-h. Sulph. tant-met. thal-met. thuj. Thyr. Thyroiod. tung-met. tus-fr. ulm-c. valer. vanil. verat. viol-o. Zinc-n.
ABDOMEN – OBESITY pip-n.
CHEST - PALPITATION of heart - menopause - obese women; in calc-ar.
CHEST - WEAKNESS - Heart - accompanied by – obesity am-c.
DREAMS - OBESE; being cygn-be. galeoc-c-h. ulm-c.
EXTERNAL THROAT - GOITRE - accompanied by – obesity fuc.
FACE - COLDNESS - children; in - obese children iod.
FEMALE GENITALIA/SEX - MENOPAUSE - obese women; in calc-ar.
FEMALE GENITALIA/SEX - MENSES - painful - accompanied by – obesity cer-ox.
GENERALS - COLD; TAKING A - tendency - women; in – obese am-c.
GENERALS - OBESITY – Abdomen pip-n.
GENERALS - OBESITY - accompanied by - appetite; diminished gink-b.
GENERALS - OBESITY - accompanied by - sexual organs; underdevelopment of hydroq.
GENERALS - OBESITY - children; in – nurslings acon. lap-a.
GENERALS - OBESITY - children; in - thyroid gland; from dysfunction of influ.
GENERALS - OBESITY - children; in Ant-c. Bad. bar-c. bell. Brom. CALC. Caps. cina Coloc. Ferr. graph. guaj. Ip. Kali-bi. kali-c. puls. sacch. sars. seneg. sulph.
GENERALS - OBESITY – endocrine cimic. hypoth. pitu-gl.
GENERALS - OBESITY – flabby lac-d.
GENERALS - OBESITY - Legs thin; body fat but am-c. Am-m. ant-c. graph. lith-c. plb.
GENERALS - OBESITY - menopause; during calc-ar. GRAPH. sep.
GENERALS - OBESITY - nutrition; from improper calc. Carc. graph.
GENERALS - OBESITY - old people; in am-c. AUR. bar-c. fl-ac. KALI-C. op. sec.
GENERALS - OBESITY - overweight; slightly brom.
GENERALS - OBESITY - Thighs and buttocks lyc. nat-m.
GENERALS - OBESITY - women; in am-c. calc-ar. cer-ox.
GENERALS - OBESITY - young people; in Ant-c. calc-act. calc. lach.
GENERALS - REACTION - lack of - women; in – obese am-c.
GENERALS - SEDENTARY habits - women; in – obese am-c.
GENERALS - TALL people - obese; and - children; in cina
GENERALS - WEAKNESS - accompanied by – obesity berb. ip.
GENERALS - WEAKNESS - women; in – obese am-c.
GENERALS - WEARINESS - women; in – obese am-c.
MIND - SADNESS - obesity; with gink-b.
RECTUM - CHOLERA - cholera-like symptoms - menses - before - agg. - women; in obese am-c.
RESPIRATION - ASTHMATIC - accompanied by – obesity blatta-o.
RESPIRATION - DIFFICULT - accompanied by – obesity am-c.
RESPIRATION - WHEEZING - accompanied by – obesity am-c.
STOMACH - INDIGESTION - accompanied by – obesity all-s.
STOMACH - INDIGESTION - old people - obesity; inclined to kali-c.
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