THE TRUTH ABOUT VACCINES

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DEFINITION

"High blood pressure; transitory or sustained elevation of systemic arterial blood pressure to a level likely to induce cardiovascular damage or other adverse consequences."

NORMAL VAUE

The normal level for blood pressure is below 120/80, where 120 represent the systolic measurement (peak pressure in the arteries) and 80 represents the diastolic measurement (minimum pressure in the arteries). Blood pressure between 120/80 and 139/89 is called prehypertension (to denote increased risk of hypertension), and a blood pressure of 140/90 or above is considered hypertension.

It is not a disease in itself, but is an important risk factor for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity.

 

Hypertension results from an increased peripheral vascular smooth muscle tone, which leads to increased arteriolar resistance and reduced capacitance of the venous system. The incidence of morbidity and mortality significantly decreases when hypertension is diagnosed early and is properly treated.

 

ETIOLOGY

ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION

More than 90% (90-95%) of patients suffer from hypertension with unknown cause and the terms “PRIMARY OR IDIOPATHIC” Hypertension are used.

 

Several factors may play an aetiological role:

  • FAMILY HISTORY: blood pressure usually runs in families and children of hypertensive individuals are often affected.
  • OBESITY: overweight individuals have higher blood pressures than thinner individuals.
  • HIGH ALCOHOL INTAKE
  • HIGH SALT INTAKE
  • LACK OF EXERCISE
  • STRESS: acute pain and stress have been known to elevate blood pressure.
  • SMOKING 
  • potassium deficiency (hypokalemiaesity)
  • Insulin resistance, which is a component of syndrome X (or the Metabolic syndrome), is also thought to contribute to hypertension 
  • Low birth weight as a risk factor for adult essential hypertension. 

 SECONDARY HYPERTENSION

5-10% of patients suffer with secondary hypertension which is a consequence of a disease or drugs (an identifiable cause).

 

causes of secondary hypertension are the following:

 

  • RENAL DISEASES: which accounts for over 80% of cases of secondary hypertension. E.g. renal vascular disease, glomerulonephritis, polycystic kidney disease.
  • ENDOCRINE DISORDERS: E.g. phaeochromocytoma (catecholamine producing tumors of the sympathetic nervous system), Cushing’s syndrome  ( elevated glucocorticoid levels), Conn’s syndrome ( adrenal adenoma secreting aldosterone), Acromegaly (benign pituitary adenoma), Thyrotoxicosis (due to grave’s disease), grave’s disease ( hyperthyroidism: IgG antibodies binding to the TSH receptor and stimulate thyroid hormone secretion).
  • PREGNANCY
  • COARCTATION OF THE AORTA: contraction or narrowing of aorta
  • DRUGS: corticosteroids, oestrogen containing oral contraceptive pill, vasopressin, NSAIDS, Sympathomimetics. 

                           DEFINING HYPERTENSION

CATEGORY

SYSTOLIC

DIASTOLIC

Optimal BP

<120mmHg

<75mmHg

Normal BP

120-129mmHg

75-84mmHg

High normal BP

130-139mmHg

85-89mmHg

Mild hypertension

140-159mmHg

90-99mmHg

Moderate hypertension

160-179mmHg

100-109mmHg

Severe hypertension

>180mmHg

>110mmHg

Views: 307

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Comment by DR E.K.Asokkumar on June 16, 2011 at 8:18am
Dear Dr very special thanks to you
Comment by Dr. Valerian Mendonca on May 17, 2011 at 10:03am
Blood Pressure - Etiology and Homeopathic Management by N K Banerjee is an excellent book on the subject.
Comment by Farrukh Zeeshan on May 15, 2011 at 2:48pm

Special thanks Dr Ravindra Sarswat. You completed my article. I will share your comment with my other friends. Thanks a lot. 

Comment by Dr Ravindra Saraswat on May 15, 2011 at 1:37pm
Symptoms & Remedy
  • Occur after any trauma or overuse – Arnica
  • Palpitation and tachyarrhythmia – Aurum mur
  • Depressions, nervousness, trembling, sleep disorders. Constrictive feeling in throat and chest. Ignatia amara
  • Fluttering of the heart, with the weak faint feeling worse by lying down. Heart pulsation shakes the body. Losing flesh while living well. Natrum mur
  • Hypertension with congestive pain in head, Nosebleed due to high blood pressure Secale cornatum
  • Collapse, weakness and extreme coldness Veratrum Alb
  • Congestive headaches, constriction in the chest, acute stabbing pains in the heart Cactus
  • Extreme dyspnoea and exhaustion at the least exertion, angina pectoris, Valvular murmurs, irregular pulse, cyanosis, cold extremities and oedema. Crataegus oxyacantha
  • Ventricles are over distended or dilated Convallaria
  • Hypertension with palpitation and suppression of urination – Coffea
  • A vaso-motor stimulant and helps to increase blood pressure – Lobelia
  • Exacerbated with the slightest motion, dyspnoea, feeling of oppression of the chest and angina pectoris - Prunus spinosa
  • Accelerated pulse. It also relieves weight and oppression of heart and dyspnoea. It is used for cardiac hypertrophy with Valvular insufficiency – Viscum
Comment by Dr Rajneesh Kumar Sharma MD(Hom) on May 13, 2011 at 11:35pm

Good effort. For details, pl. see-

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