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The endocrine system is one of the body’s main systems for communicating, controlling and coordinating the body’s work. It works with the nervous system, reproductive system, kidneys, liver, pancreas and fat to help maintain and control the following:

1. body energy levels, mood
2. reproduction
3. growth and development
4. internal balance of body systems, called homeostasis.
5. responses to surroundings, stress and injury Dr.Sunil Kumar

Note: homeostasis = the ability or tendency of an organism or cell to maintain internal equilibrium by adjusting its physiological processes

Endocrine glands make hormones that are used inside the body. Other glands make substances like saliva, sweat and secretion of gastrointestinal tract that reach the outside of the body.

Endocrine glands and endocrine-related organs are like factories. They produce and store hormones and release them as needed. When the body needs these substances, the bloodstream carries the proper types of hormones to specific targets. These targets may be organs, tissues, or cells.

To function normally, the body needs glands that work correctly, a blood supply that works well to move hormones through the body to their target points, receptor places on the target cells for the hormones to do their work, and a system for controlling how hormones are produced and used.

Endocrine system diseases and disorders happen when one or more of the endocrine systems in your body are not working well. Hormones may be released in amounts that are too great or too small for the body to work normally. These irregularities are also called a hormone imbalance

Endocrine Disorders
1. diabetes
2. thyroid diseases
3. metabolic disorders
4. over or under production of hormones
5. menopause
6. osteoporosis
7. hypertension
8. cholesterol (lipid) disorders
9. infertility
10. lack of growth (short stature)
11. cancers of the endocrine glands

The most common endocrine diseases and disorders.
Diseases and disorders of the endocrine system can be grouped into several different areas. The major areas of endocrinology are described below.

Patients with diabetes have too much sugar in their blood.. These can include problems with the eyes, kidneys and nerves, which can lead to blindness, dialysis, or amputation.

Thyroid Conditions
Patients with thyroid conditions often have problems with their energy levels. They may also have problems with muscle strength, emotions, weight control, and tolerating heat or cold. conditions respectively caused by either an overactive or underactive thyroid

Osteomalacia (rickets), which causes bones to soften, and osteoporosis are bone diseases. When hormone levels are abnormal, bones can lose calcium and weaken. Menopause, in women, and loss of testicle function, in men, and aging may put you at risk for bone fractures.

Reproduction/Infertility. Endocrine research has helped thousands of couples to have children.

Obesity and Overweight. Thyroid, adrenal, ovarian, and pituitary disorders can cause obesity.

Pituitary Gland Disfunction
The pituitary is often called the master gland of the body because it controls other glands. The pituitary makes several important hormones. Over - or under - production of pituitary hormones can cause a hormone imbalance that can lead to infertility, menstrual disorders, growth disorders

Growth and Development Disorders
Children and adults can have effects from not making enough growth hormone. Pediatric endocrinologists treat children who suffer from endocrine problems that cause short stature and other growth disorders. Adults with growth hormone deficiency can experience emotional distress and fatigue. Safe and effective growth hormone replacement therapy is available for people with growth hormone imbalance.

Up to 10% of people have hypertension because of too much aldosterone, a hormone produced in the adrenal glands. About half of these cases are caused by growths that can be removed with surgery. Conditions such as the metabolic syndrome or a rare adrenal growth called a pheochromocytoma also may cause a hormone imbalance that leads to hypertension.

Lipid Disorders
One of the most common lipid disorders is hyperlipidemia - high levels of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. High levels of these fats are linked to heart disease, strokes, and peripheral vascular disease (problems with circulation in the legs).. Lipid disorders can be found in several conditions that require special management, including the metabolic syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and obesity. Special diets, exercise, and medications may be prescribed to manage lipid disorders.

By- Dr.Sunil Kumar
Homoeopathic physician
Acupressurist,Yogacharya & Reiki master
For chronic & Incurable Disease

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Comment by Dr Rajneesh Kumar Sharma MD(Hom) on March 5, 2011 at 10:35pm
Good efforts Dr. Sunil. Keep up posting your experiences too......

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