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WORMS constitute one of the most common disorders of children and people imagine that if worms are expelled their children will be cured. Several medicines are given to the children (taken by adults too) for the removal of these worms from the stomach and bowels. They again grow and they are again removed by medicines. They are worried over these worms. Worms grow only when there is suitable condition for them to thrive, otherwise they cannot.

Dr. Hahnemann writes in Materia Medica Pura, vol. I, under Cina, '......this much is true, that when they are present in large numbers, the cause of this is always some morbid condition of the body, namely, the evolution of psora, and unless this be cured, though large numbers of lumbrici may be expelled by Cina, they are soon reproduced. Hence by such forcible expulsion of worms not only is nothing gained, but such improper treatment if persisted in often ends in the death of tortured children.'

Dr. Hering writes in Homoeopathic Domestic Physician, (pp. 292-4), '... drugs that expel worms affect the abdomen in such a manner that the consequences appear many years after. First, it is to be considered that almost all children have worms, sometimes before they are born, and that it is frequently a sign of a dangerous disease when these worms pass off spontaneously; secondly, that what these worms subsist upon in the body is more hurtful than the worms themselves. Almost all the symptoms attributed to worms may arise from some general disease in the system, which has a tendency to increase them, especially if aided by an unwise mode of living.' Read Jahr's Forty Years' Practice (pp. 140-41 and 338-40).

He gives two cases: (1) A child complained of slight pain in the bowels and was suddenly attacked by convulsions which terminated fatally. A postmortem examination revealed two large lumbrici, lodged in the cystic duct, thus causing an obstruction to the passage of bile. (Cystic duct = the gall-bladder has a duct called cystic duct, which by joining with the hepatic duct forms the common bile duct). (2) A child had dysenteric diarrhoea, on the ninth day of which a violent intestinal haemorrhage set in quite suddenly of which the patient died in 24 hours. A post-mortem examination showed no ulcers in the colon; it appeared that the haemorrhage proceeded from the duodenum and the duodenum was found to be very much distended by a small ball of lumbrici lying immediately above the coagulum and several other balls in the ileum. The worms, by gnowing through the walls of the intestine, had wounded the arterial twig. Hence there was haemorrhage, from which the patient died.


In one of the medical exhibitions arranged in the Stanley Medical College, Madras, the author had seen 376 roundworms, each 5 to 7 inches long in a glass jar. It was explained that a girl of fourteen had all these roundworms in the intestines and they were removed by operation.


We shall send such cases to surgeons. Surgery is necessary for us. We are friends of all doctors of all systems of medicine.



Psora is the chief cause. Damp unhealthy atmosphere; all circumstances which favour an accumulation of mucus in the intestinal canal; excessive acidity in the stomach; eating of mud; vegetables grown with the manure of dogs and pigs; contaminated vegetables used unwashed; drinking of polluted water; eating of spoiled meat, unripe fruits, stored food, decayed foods; using more sugar. When children are fed too much of sugar or jaggery, on cakes, or similar articles of hurtful nature; mother, whilst nursing, overloads her stomach with meat, fish, salted or fat things.


Different kinds of worms

(i) Small threadworms (Oxyuris Vermicularis). They usually occupy the rectum. It is thread-like, white, it is one-sixth to one-half inch in length, the male worm being much smaller than the female. It gives rise to an intolerable itching and burning about the anus and rectum, which prevents the child from sleeping sometimes, and makes it very cross and fretful, and almost beside itself; constipation and tenesmus; depraved appetite; rubbing and picking of the nose; foul breath, etc. The local irritation may spread to vagina in little girls or the worms themselves may crawl down there, and give rise to inflammatory state of the parts and in mucous or bloody discharge. A long threadworm, usually found in the large intestine, is about two inches in length and gives rise to few or no symptoms by which its presence can be known. Dr. Guernsey.


(ii) Dr. Guernsey writes in his Obstetrics, (pp. 896-9): The ascaris lumbricoides (long roundworm) bears some resemblance to the common earthworm. It inhabits chiefly the small intestines, but sometimes visits the stomach, and is vomited out, or the lower bowels and is voided with the stool, and even visits other situations, such as gall-bladder, oesophagus and the air passages. It varies in length from six to twelve inches. Symptoms: Diminished sleep, with tossing about, groaning, and grinding of teeth; foetid breath; great thirst; enlargement of the abdomen; now voracious hunger, and now aversion to food; diarrhoea, with slimy stools, or constipation, or alternation of these states; tenesmus; itching of the anus; sometimes nervous symptoms, even chorea and convulsions. A dry and hacking cough.'(Read pp. 358-9 of Dr. Nash's book for a perfect picture of a wormy child).


(iii) 'The tapeworm (taenia) exists in the small intestines and varies in length from five to thirty feet, being from one to five lines broad. It consists principally of a series of jointed segments. Its existence is usually not suspected until portions of the worm are passed with evacuations. There is constant craving for food, pain in the stomach, loss of flesh and debility, and itching above the nose and anus.'-Dr. Guernsey. Dr. Hartlaub writes, 'The worms (roundworms) unite in clusters in different parts of the bowels, in the walls of which, when they move or feed, they cause an irritation, which occasions pinching pains, especially around the navel.


The lumbricoides (roundworms) - sometimes pass into the nasal passages. It enters the bile duct and obstructs the flow of bile, causing jaundice. In typohoid fever they make ulcers in the intestines. Dr. Nash cured a case of typhoid fever with Cina.


The diet should be carefully regulated, easily digestible, and nutritious. Pastry and sweetmeats should be avoided.

Treatment : biochemic

Dr. Schuessler in his Abridged Manual (25th ed.) writes, 'Natrum phos. is of use in the case of threadworms by destroying the excess of lactic acid which is the cause of these worms. For roundworms, Natrum mur.'


Dr. Carey writes, 'Natrum phos.: the principal remedy for all kinds of worms to destroy the excess of lactic acid upon which the worms live. Symptoms of acidity, in children with pain in the bowels, picking of the nose, itching of the anus, restless sleep or grinding of the teeth are all signs of worms. A steady course of this remedy is necessary. Alternate Natrum phos. with Kali mur. Kali mur is for small white threadworms, with itching in anus, white tongue, etc.'


Ferrum phosphoricum

Intestinal worms, with passing of undigested food. Fever in worm troubles.

Dr. Boericke and Dr. Dewey in their book, Twelve Tissue Remedies, (p. 346) write: Calcarea fluor. Intestinal, long, round or threadworms with characteristic symptoms of acidity, or picking of the nose, occasional squinting. Pain in the bowels, restless sleep. Itching of the anus, especially at night in bed, face white about the mouth or nose. Grinding of the teeth in children. Pinworms. This remedy probably acts by destroying the excess of lactic acid which seems to be necessary for the life of these worms.



Cina maritima 200

Cina produces a perfect picture of the wormy child. The patient is cross, irritable, has a sickly pale face with dark rings about the eyes. The child grinds its teeth during sleep. It also picks or bores at the nose with its finger. The sleep is restless and attended by crying out. It has a tendency to convulsions. There is canine hunger. There is jerking of the hands and feet and a milky urine. Cina is most powerful for the elimination of roundworms. Cina so far corrects abdominal organs and so far tones up the abdominal ganglia that the mucous membrane of the alimentary tract pour forth a normal secretion, and the worms, no longer having a proper food on which to subsist, die and are expelled. Dr. Farrington.


Dr. Hahnemann's Materia Medica Pura, Part 1, (p. 481), symptom 75: Cina - Several lumbrici come up through the child's mouth. Dr. Lippe: Cina - Discharge of lumbrici and of ascarides. Dr. Allen writes that Cina works on ascarides (threadworms).


Sulphur 200

As there is no use of merely expelling the worms and as the disordered condition of the system which is favourable for the development and support of the worms has to be corrected, we have to treat them with anti-psoric remedies. After giving two doses of Cina 200, Sulphur 200 may be tried. Dr. Hahnemann's Chronic Diseases (p. 1568), symptoms 891-6: Ascarides pass with the stool. Frequent passage of single ascaride. The ascarides cause itching in the rectum. Lumbrici pass off after violent pains in the abdomen, with a hard stool. Tapeworm discharged with a hard stool, etc. Then after eight days, give Calcarea carb. 200, which has double the action of Cina. Calcarea removes the excessive acid condition. So it improves the condition of the patient and worms disappear. Never give Sulphur after Calcarea carb., as it works havoc. If they have to be repeated, give a dose of Lycopodium and repeat Sulphur first and after six weeks, Calcarea carb. Calcarea is a very valuable remedy to eradicate the disposition to worms. Even Calcarea carb. can remove ascarides and tapeworm.


Lycopodium clavatum

Worms, with much rumbling in the bowels or red sand in the urine. Itching about the anus.


Mercurius solubilis

Worms creep out of the anus, and can be seen on the perineum and buttocks, at night in bed. Lumbricoides escape easily and freely; the abdomen is hard and distended.



Itching of the anus, nose and ears; much pain in the abdomen. It removes lumbrici and tapeworms.

Spigelia anthelmia

For worms when the child refers to the navel as the most painful part. The action of the heart seems unusually violent. Very pale face and yellow margin around the eyes.


Teucrium marum verum

Crawling in rectum after stool. Crawling and violent sticking in anus, in evening in bed. Ascarides, with creeping and itching and nightly restlessness.


Stannum metallicum

stupefies the worms. The child has spells of abdominal pain, during which it wishes to lean over something hard for relief. This is a reliable keynote for Stannum.

There are other remedies -Aconite, Caladium, Nux vom., etc.



  •  is the alkaloid of Cina. It is also a remedy for roundworms. Dr. Dewey writes that it is not a safe remedy as Cina and is not more efficacious. He further writes that he had observed convulsions produced by its use in low potencies. Dr. Allen writes that Santonine cures worm affections when Cina fails.

Copyright 2011/All rights reserved © Dr Ravindra Saraswat
Contact author for permission to use

Therapeutic Tips for Worms


University of Queensland researchers have discovered the roundworm contains two proteins that play a role in the degeneration of axons in nerve cells. Making relationships between nerve axons and disease may explain brain dysfunctional disorders. As in concussion, or internal brain trauma, the axons are often affected, which may lead to neurogenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's and Charcot-Marie-Tooth.  

Comparative Materia Medica

by Eugenio F. Candegabe 

Detailed comparative study of 37 major remedies by one of the Argentinian masters.

Comparative study of seven polychrests - Lycopodium, Silica, Thuja, Medorrhinum, Natrium muriaticum, Kali carbonicum and Lachesis - covering thirty years of Candegabe's practical experience. The study focusses on the mind symptoms of each remedy. After a general description, Candegabe, as Masi and Mangialavori, organises the rubrics according to themes, which are then presented in a schematic diagram. The last part of the book compares the remedies mainly with other polychrests. A successful and inspirational work, which deepens our understanding of these major polychrests.

The publisher:
All English-speaking homoeopaths are aware that some of the most important homoeopathic remedies have their origin in Latin America. Because of the barrier of language, far fewer realise to what extent some of the most important work in homoeopathy also comes from that subcontinent.

In this comparative study of thirty-seven remedies, Dr Eugenio Candegabe displays how the materia medica may be reconstructed through the mental symptoms of the repertory, so as to find the remedy whose action most closely corresponds to the dynamic totality of an individual patient's life. These reconstructions are always substantiated in the provings from which the repertory symptoms were originally extracted.

The book is structured around seven principal chapters, each based on a major polychrest. Each chapter opens with a detailed description of the remedy, presenting all the rubrics that may in some way add to its fullest possible image. This is followed by a comprehensive synthesis of the symptomatology, summarising in a schematic diagram those few interrelated rubrics which best define the character of that remedy. These outstanding symptoms - not less than five or more than ten of them - are termed the Minimum Characteristic Syndrome.

Each chapter is completed by a differential analysis of the remedy against numerous other remedies whose own most significant features closely overlap the Minimum Characteristic Syndrome of the polychrest in question. The reader is reminded throughout that the value of symptoms will also be influenced by the miasmatic elements present within the case. This is a rigorous process by which the search for the simillimum is simplified and facilitated.

Eugenio Federico Candegabe qualified in medicine at the University of Buenos Aires in 1949. His interest in homoeopathy began as a result of successful homoeopathic treatment of members of his family, and in 1954 he went on to study the subject under his great mentor, Dr Tomas Pablo Paschero, with whom he subsequently worked closely.

He was a founding member of the Argentine School of Homoeopathic Medicine in Buenos Aires, serving as Professor of Materia Medica from 1971 until 1986, when he was nominated Emeritus Professor. Dr Candegabe has travelled extensively in Europe and North and South America to teach and lecture on homoeopathy.

Homeopathy In Organic Livestock Production

Glen Dupree has created a logical, comprehensive and indispensible guide for using homeopathy on sustainable livestock farms, with extensive discussion of the most common maladies and a valuable list of common homeopathic remedies and their specific uses for livestock. Specific discussion and remedies are included for ailments such as breeding difficulties, colic, digestive system ailments, displaced abomasums, eye problems, gastrointestinal issues, musculoskeletal problems, parasites, prolapses, and respiratory tract conditions.

Worms present a significant production threat to grazing cattle with infection costing the industry millions of pounds a year.  The main worms affecting cattle are stomach, gut worms and lungworms commonly termed roundworms (nematodes)and  tapeworms (cestodes).  Liver fluke (trematodes) are covered in a separate section.

Common worms in cattle: Brown stomach worms (Ostertagia ostertagi); Barberpole worms (Haemonchus contortus; h. placei; Small stomach worms (Trichostrongylus axei); Threadnecked intestinal worms (Nematodirus spathiger; N. helvetianua)

  • Stomach and intestinal worms cause diarrhoea, appetite loss and weight loss
  • Lung worms cause coughing and unthriftiness
  • Barbers pole worm causes anaemia and bottle jaw due to blood sucking

The publisher:

In this practical and fascinating manual, the theories and principles of classic homeopathy are specifically tailored to organic livestock production systems. By applying these principles, farmers can have an impact on the health of their animal species that will produce beneficial effects far beyond the patient. Writing for both organic farmers and homeopaths, Dr. Dupree has created a logical, comprehensive and indispensible guide for using homeopathy on sustainable livestock farms, with extensive discussion of the most common maladies and a valuable list of common homeopathic remedies and their specific uses for livestock. Homeopathy in Organic Livestock Production will help farmers recognize symptom complexes and take the logical steps to move from patient to remedy, regardless of the species, ailment or type of farm involved.

This book is written for two diverse groups, the homeopaths and the organic farmers - with the intent to bring each group to a comfortable knowledge level so that the two fields are brought together in a logical and comprehensive manner for the benefit of all the livestock under their care.

Specific discussion and natural remedies are included for ailments such as breeding difficulties, colic, digestive system ailments, displaced abomasums, eye problems, gastrointestinal issues, musculoskeletal problems, parasites, prolapses, and respiratory tract conditions. Homeopathy in Organic Livestock Production is a hands-on guide that will bring huge benefits for anyone at any level of the industry, whether raising livestock on a large or small scale, for profit or pleasure.


The Homeopathic Proving of Earth Worm by Dr Louis Klein


    • Master Prover: Louis Klein R.S. Hom. Co-Master Provers: Judith Lynn and Latifa Tabatchnik
    • Why Earthworm? I chose earthworm for a number of reasons. One was at the urging of a number of friends and students who were Doctors of Chinese Medicine and Acupuncture. Earthworm has been used for hundreds of years in Chinese medicinal concoctio. The other coideration was looking at other remedies that were well proven. The current trend is to potentize intee substances such as venoms etc. for coideration in aggressive and egocentric patients. I found, though, that most people, especially those seeking our help, don’t feel poisonous and aggressive but rather small. They feel as small as a worm, or worm like, vulnerable.
    • Requirements for Potentization, Preparation and Ingestion: The particular earthworm used in the proving was found by a specialist. It was carefully classified prior to potentization. The entire worm was macerated with milk sugar and then potentized to the 30c potency by Michael Quinn of the Hahnemann Pharmacy, San Rafael, CA.
    • The remedy is available from them
    • Each prover took one dose of the 30c. One prover took two doses. The proving was done in California and the final extraction meeting was done in Berkeley, California.
    • Helodrilus Caliginosus: Common Field Worm “Helodrilus caliginosus “ or the common field worm occurs throughout the humid areas of the country (USA). It is more common than the native night-crawler, particularly in the southern states. The field worm may prevail in the same locality as the nightcrawler if the fertility level is too low for the nightcrawler. The field worm is not a good reproducer nor particularly adaptable to commercial production.
    • From Earthworms for Ecology and Profit, Volume #1By Ronald E Gaddie and Donald E Douglas file:///D|/kris/lum/Helodrilus_Caliginosus_Complete.htm (1 of 116) [2/14/2000 10:09:44 AM]
    • In other words its a “wild worm” versus one grown for commercial use. Facts you always wanted to know about earthworms: There are actually over 1800 species of earthworms. Earthworms are invertebrates. They are also called annelids because of the circular rings or many segments that make up their body. Earthworms are extremely valuable creatures as they keep soil healthy, well aired and drained with their constant burrowing. Worms are used commercially for “vermin-compost”.
    • Vermicompost contains worm castings and other organic materials left by earthworms. Worms have little capacity to grind their food. They have a muscular gizzard which functions similarly to that of birds. Small grains of sand lodge in the gizzard and help grind hard materials into smaller particles. The ground up food enters the worm’s intestine The intestine secrets digestive enzymes. The food is then absorbed into the bloodstream.
    • The blood of the worm is amazingly similar to ours, having the same function of carrying oxygen, and having iron-rich hemoglobin as its base. Worms have a remarkable ability to regenerate but perhaps not of the same sort as fables tell. They cannot regenerate a new head but will regenerate a new tail. They do not reproduce via “cuttings” but via copulation.
    • Even though they have organs of both sexes they still reproduce with two worms. They join at the saddle. This saddle then becomes a cocoon and this is left just under the soil. Young worms hatch out from it after a few weeks. An even more interesting fact you always wanted to know about earthworms: The largest earthworm ever found was in South Africa and measured 22 feet (6.7 metres) from nose to tail tip.
    • Finally, earthworms are slippery and slimy and evoke all sorts of reactions. Usually, unlike a fear of venomous creatures there is primarily an initial disgust over the earthworm’s slimy and soft exterior and then a protective feeling (unless you are a young boy with plans).
    • file:///D|/kris/lum/Helodrilus_Caliginosus_Complete.htm (2 of 116) [2/14/2000 10:09:44 AM]
    • Current Research There is some current research into the effects of Lumbricus or Chinese Earthworm. It has significantly lowered blood pressure and has an effect on smooth muscle control as well as it is being tested in treating convulsions.
    • Chinese Medicine Di Long: literal translation: “ earth dragon” From Chinese medicine texts and discussions with Chinese medicine practitioners here are just some of the conditions this substance is known to treat: Condition of wind (gallbladder meridian) and heat symptoms. Note in the proving that wind aggravated. Quells heat and stops spasms. Used in Warm febrile diseases with high fever that lead to -convulsion and seizures. Expels wind. Stops wheezing; lung heat

Earthworms form herds and make "group decisions" 

  • The earthworms use touch to communicate and influence each other's behaviour, according to research published in the journal Ethology.
  • By doing so the worms collectively decide to travel in the same direction as part of a single herd.
  • The striking behaviour, found in the earthworm Eisenia fetida, is the first time that any type of worm, or annelid, has been shown to form active herds.
  • "Our results modify the current view that earthworms are animals lacking in social behaviour," says Ms Lara Zirbes, a PhD student at the University of Liege in Gembloux in Belgium.
  • We can consider the earthworm behaviour as equivalent the of a herd or swarm."
  • Ms Zirbes and colleagues were originally interested in how earthworms interact with other microorganisms in the soil.
  • These interactions are part of the important ecological role of that earthworms play.
  • However, the researchers began to notice that the earthworms seemed also to interact with each other.
  • "In experiments, I noticed that earthworms frequently clustered and formed a compact patch when they were out of the soil," Ms Zirbes told the BBC.

Follow the leader

  • So Ms Zirbes and her colleagues set up a series of experiments to test how earthworms decided where to go, and whether they preferred to travel alone or in groups.
  • They chose the earthworm Eisenia fetida, which tends to live near or at the soil surface, typically within the litter lining forest floors.
  • First, they placed 40 earthworms into a central chamber, from which extended two identical arms.
  • The idea was to leave the animals alone, and then to see how many earthworms moved to either arm over a 24-hour period.
  • Over 30 identical repeats of the trial, the worms preferred to group within one chamber over the other.
  • "We noted that earthworms moving out of the central chamber influenced the directional choice of other earthworms.
  • "So our hypothesis was confirmed: a social cue influences earthworm behaviour," says Ms Zirbes.

Touching moments

  • A second experiment tested how the worms affected each other's behaviour, investigating whether the worms use either chemical signals or touch to decide which chamber to move to.
  • The researchers placed one worm at the start of a soil-filled maze, with two routes to a food source at the end.
  • After the worm chose its route to the food, the researchers added a second worm to see if it followed the same route as the first.
  • However, after repeated trials, the second worms were no more likely to take the same route as their predecessors. This indicated that the worms did not leave a chemical trail behind them that communicated their direction of travel.
  • Yet if two worms were placed together at the start of the maze, they were more likely to follow one another, suggesting that they used touch to communicate where they were going.
  • In two-thirds of these trials, the worms followed each other.
  • "I have observed contact between two earthworms. Sometimes they just cross their bodies and sometimes they maximize contact. Out of soil, earthworms can form balls," says Ms Zirbes.
  • A modeling study then showed that, by using touch alone, up to 40 earthworms could follow each other in a similar way, explaining how herds of the animals preferred to move together into one chamber in the initial experiments.
  • "To our knowledge this is the first example of collective orientation in animals based on contact between followers," the researchers wrote in the journal.
  • "It is also the first one of collective movements of annelids."

Defensive posture

  • The researchers suspect that other earthworm species may behave in a similar way. They now hope to investigate why the animals come together to form herds.
  • One reason may be that clustering helps the worms protect themselves.
  • Individual Eisenia fetida earthworms secrete proteins and fluids which have antibacterial properties, potentially deterring soil pathogens.
  • They also secrete a yellow fluid to deter predatory flatworms.
  • Gathering into groups may increase the amount of fluids covering the earthworms and hence better protect individuals, the researchers say.

What species has had the greatest impact on the planet? Author Christopher Lloyd has been trying to answer the question for his new book What on Earth Evolved?. Mr Lloyd outlines his research.

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Comment by Dr.Nafees Iqbal. on November 24, 2016 at 4:51am

It is nice article and contains good information.

It is my favorite subject and I am also working on it.

I have just completed my book in urdu language. "pait kay keeray  aur inka homeopathic ilaj."


Dr. Nafees Iqbal. 

Comment by Dr. Nisanth Nambison MD on September 19, 2013 at 3:34am

very informative Dr.Saraswat...

Comment by Dr.Sharad Shangloo on February 20, 2012 at 12:43am

Nice article Dr .Simple and informative .Keep it up


Comment by Dr. Zulqarnain Sikandar Mughal on February 11, 2012 at 4:31am

Dear Dr. Ravindra Thank you very much for this great sharing. This is really very help full for the Homeopaths. I like your articles very much.

Comment by Dr Ravindra Saraswat on February 4, 2012 at 11:47pm

Thanks Debby & Dr Kuldip Singh...

Comment by Kuldip Singh on February 4, 2012 at 1:38pm

An elaborate and comprehensive article on worms covering all aspects. Worm infestation is the commonest disorder among children and this article provides a very useful information on this subject.

Comment by Debby Bruck on February 3, 2012 at 10:27am

This most interesting article good easily apply to animals who contract worms. Why do dogs and cats need worm medication annually if homeopathic remedies may do the trick?

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