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Why Is The Homeopathic Medicine Prepared In A Solvent Like Alcohol?

Dear all, If i am wrong somewhere in my understanding then please forgive me and correct me because i am here for learning. That's why I am sharing my views, I wish to know why homeopathic medicines are prepared in organic solvents like alcohol. Am I right? 

May I know the detail of its composition like is it methanol, ethanol and what is the percentage used during the preparation of medicines?

Sometimes I feel that solubility of the crude medicine can be one of the factor but it should not be true for all the medicines.  For example, Natrum Muriaticum is prepared from common salt and can be easily soluble in water in any concentration. So, why is the medicine available in the market using alcohol as solvent rather than water?

This question always comes into my mind because in the human body, if I talk about the cell then the cell's environment is aqueous, which means water and organic solvents are not present.

Even though the medicine contains very minute quantity of alcohol and it is not going to have any ill effect, but can't we prepare the medicine in water?

I also wish to know which solvent is used that when making dilutions, is it the same, alcohol or water?

Augmented Textbook of Homoeopathic Pharmacy

D. D. Banerjee

This is an augmented work of Dr. Banerjee and is complete in all respects - right from introduction, illustrations, mechanism, pharmacopoeias, development, scope and research in pharmacy.

The work is divided into sections for easy reference, as the chapters, which were placed haphazardly in the earlier edition have been rearranged in a systematic manner under the respective sections.

Most importantly, the information in each chapter has been updated and elaborated; like the chapter on " Vehicles " is now a complete section with 5 chapter under it:
- Vehicles - in general 
- Solid vehicles
- Liquid vehicles
- Semisolid vehicles
- Standardization of vehicles

Similarly, the section "Laboratory" is complete with information on:
- Laboratory premises
- Homeopathic laboratory
- Laboratory methods
- Instruments
- Cleaning of utensils
- Hazardous instruments

Hence, each section in this augmented edition provides complete knowledge on the respective subject without any need to look further.

Several new sections & chapters have also been introduced:
Naming a few Sections:
• Principles:
Principles of prescription.- Principles of medication.- Principles of dispensing. - Principles of external application. - Principles of drug proving.

• Analysis of drug:
Limit tests.- Chromatography.- Sampling and methods of analysis.

• Development, scope and research in homeopathy.
Naming a few Chapters:
- Methods of preparation - G.H.P.
- Methods of preparation - H.P.U.S.
- Preparations of drugs from sarcodes and nosodes.
- Posology and homeopathy. Table of drugs.
- Relationship of remedies with duration of action, etc.

Also, this edition is respondent with Tables, Illustrations and Examples. The font too has been improved to make it more reader friendly.

All in all, it is an augmented textbook in the literal sense of the word making it a complete textbook for all associated with the field of homeopathy, be it students, at the graduate or post graduate level, doctors, professors, pharmacists or manufactures.

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Hi Sakira
You asked:"can't we prepare the medicine in water?............................."

My reply:
Yes we can.
"All"- my remedies are prescribed in a wet dose/One globule#10 poppyseed
disolved in water then succussed.

I rarely use Alcohol liquid based remedies.
Most often the original "Mother tinctures" are alcohol based.
Dear Sakira, you enquired about as to why Homeopathic medicines are prepared in Alcohol. Well what Gina Tyler has said is right but for the reason that alcohol is used is to preserve the medicinal power for a long period of time during storage, which is not possible with Water. The medicines can also be prepared in Lactose Sugar(Milk sugar) even for higher potencies but in that case the process is too cumbersome and practically not possible and also it will be much costlier than using Alcohol. Thank You
Hi Aejaz
Preserve remedies?
Did you know that Hahnemann's original remedies (dry globules #10) are all still active today?
I have homeopathic remedies over 30yrs old (dry globules-pills-) still active today.
Dry pills/globules are preserved just fine without alcohol.
Hi Gina, What i said was about the preparation of Dilutions in Alcohol. I well know and i too have medicated globules. What i refered to point was preparation of remedies in dilutions from Q(Mother Tincture)where Alcohol is the prefered Mode of Vehicle because of the above reason.
Your understanding is correct,
Dear Aejaz & k s anand sir,
Your answer is correct .Maximum Dilutions are prepare in Alcohol & for dispensing ,we use different Vehicles ( globules,sugar of milk,spring water,dist.water, etc,).
Alcohol acts as a best Vehicle / Preserver of homoeopathic drugs because of inert properties ,does not allow to rebonding the substances...
Respected k s anand sir,
Pharmacy is a very interesting subject, the BASIC of experiments/provings & people ignore it , grade it a simple subject...
Q1-Do they stock all single titurations say from 30 to 200 ?
-Yes , so many drugs are available in 1X to 500X triturations(in decimal scales means -1part of substance/previous potency :10 part of vehicle).These are prepared in sugar of milk & always in DRY-Tablet form.
Q2- Do they titurate to the required potency in modern machinery? How do they do it industrially ?
-Yes,so many use modern machinery. Schwabe use manual method to prepare dilutions( in centesimal scale, means- 1part of MT/previous potency :99 part of vehicle).These are prepare in Absolute Alcohol & in LIQUID form.
Mostly drugs are prepared in this method/scale ( 6,30,200,1M,10M.CM.MM)
Symbol of Trituration is ' X ' & symbol of dilutions is ' C ' which mostly does not use .
Also try to visit any Factory to see the manufacturing..
dear friends
working with homeopathy since 1984 I will tell you my experience: we can´t keep all the potencies from 30 to 200, but we keep some of them, let´s say 39, 49, 59, etc, if there are homeopaths asking for 40, 50, 60, etc. If not, I would keep at least the 59 (for a 60), 98, 99 (for a 100), and then a 149 and a 198, 199.
In my country we make the manual trituration in pharmacies and in our small industry (preparation of MT and potencies for pharmacies that prepare homeopathic remedies). Other industries may have a mechanical triturator.
Best wishes, Amarilys
"In my country we make the manual trituration in pharmacies and in our small industry (preparation of MT and potencies for pharmacies that prepare homeopathic remedies). Other industries may have a mechanical triturator.
" Best wishes, Amarilys
" These medicines looks to me reliable and dependable.I do not believe in mechanical triturator.They are merely mixers.

Mr. Anand Sir,
These all infomations are presented in a book of pharmacy written by Dr.D.D. Banerjee, B. Jain publisher. Chapter Vehicles.

Dear Sarika
For making homeopathic diluition, you have to dilute the sources. For diluting you need a liquid, except when you desconcentrate using a solid, lactosis, but this happens only in the begging, in the 3 first dilutions. So, you need a liquid. It is OK to use water, but you can´t preverse the solutions you have produced. Of course Hahnemann put them over globuli, and this is good for preservation, but if you can´t also keep the solutions, once your globuli impregnated with a dilution (or better, a dynamization, once you dilute + make an aggitation = to dynamize) finish, then you have to start again. Starting again may be easy, or difficult or almost impossible. Let´s say you have a plant from India, that grows near you. After some time you may start again, make the dilutions in water and produce impregnated globuli. But if soon after that you want to have a higher potency, then you have to start again, from the begining.
Now let´s suppose you may travel do Brazil or to another country far away, and then you collect a plant and you dynamize it. How would you get the same plant again? Or you want to use a remedy called Aqua marina, which pathogenesy was made in the end of the 1800th´s. How would you get the same source again?

so, you see that using alchool is very useful for making dynamizations. If you do them, keep them in alcoholic solutions with 70% of alchool + 30% purified water.

for administrating to your patients you may use globuli, lactosis (powder), tablets or even pure water. For this last option your patient can´t keep the solution more than... difficult to say, 1 week in a very fresh place? in fact, in Brazil we are allowed to lable them with an expire date of 24hs (let´s say 48hs if you considere the alcoholic drops inside the vial).

MT are made with the help of alcohol, not only for preservation, but also for a better extraction of part of the plant/animal components.

I hope I was clear. Best wishes, Amarilys
Our medicines can be prepared using alcohol as well as water. But, Alcohol has got more power to absorb the active principles from the crude drug substance, and it has got the capasity to presetrve the medicine for a long time. When I was a student, I had prepared Natrum mur in water. I prepared up to 6c, but after a few months, I noticed some cloudiness in the medicine due to the growth of some fungi or algae. The same thing happens even if we use distled water (I had used spring water). Hence, alcohol is the best.

The medicated globules can maintain the medicinal power for a long time, but the globules may not be kept for a long time due to various reasons. When the humidity is more, the globules get melted easity. The color and odor also changes. The best method is to give the medicine in freshly medicated saclac powder, globules, water.

Most of the companies are using the back potencies. Practically, it is difficult to make potencies of each medicine from tinctures. The labor charge will be a huge amount! Hence, the back potencies are used, i.e. 29c, 199c, 999c to make 30c, 200c, 1000c respectively. They take one part of 29 c and add 99parts of dispensing alcohol and give 10 downward strokes to make 30c. Due to the high demand, ack potencies are very costly. Now manual method is rarely used. Many companies are using the Korsakoff machine. The K potecies are actually C make by Korsakoff machine. In this machine, they do not add one part of previous potency! What they do is, they take the whole medicine from the vial and add 99 parts of alcohol. What remains in the bottom of the vial after taking the previous potency is considered as one part to make the other potency.


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